Factory service manual for the Austin Tilly Car, Light Utility 4 x 2. The type of information contained in this workshop manual include general servicing, maintenance and minor repairs, advanced repairs and rebuild guides. Topics include Engine, Gearbox, Differential, Suspension, Steering, Brakes, Interior Fittings, Exterior Fittings, Body Panels and Electrical Systems with wiring diagrams.
This is the original factory service workshop and repair manual, used in workshops by mechanics. It is a comprehensive informational book. From the manual you will have access to the most complete information on diagnosis, repair and maintenance used in official workshops. This information will help you repair your vehicle and perform maintenance yourself. Hundreds of information pages, work methods, electrical diagrams at your fingertips in a single download.
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With the outbreak of the war, the British Army was still in the final stages of mechanization. All but two of the 22 regular cavalry regiments were mechanized (exchanging horses for armored cars or tanks) in 1940. Trucks in the 0.75 to 3 ton payload range were put into service during the late 1930s, being used both for transporting motorized infantry as well as for more general transport and logistical work. However, there was still a widespread shortage of vehicles of all sizes, which worsened when the Army was mobilized for war. In particular, there was a lack of light vehicles for local connection, communication, transportation, evacuation of victims and general utility work at the level of the smaller unit (company or battalion). Although senior officers may have an official car, junior officers and other ranks consider motorized transport to be indispensable in an increasingly mechanized army, where movements can be made for tens of kilometers on barred roads.
In the face of a shortage of utility vehicles, the Supply Ministry coordinated with leading British car manufacturers (mainly through Lord Nuffield of Morris Motors, via Nuffield Mechanizations and Aero) to produce military utility versions of its existing mid-size sedan cars. All were officially classified as Car, Light Utility 4 x 2.
The adaptation of the model chosen by each manufacturer to the specifications of the utility varied in detail, but was basically the same. The rear body was replaced by a simple pickup body covered by a canvas roof (commonly known as ’tilt’), making the Utility two or three seats in the cab. The body has been simplified for ease and economy of production, with some models having flat-panel angled doors or wings. Some cast or molded parts of the body have been replaced by stamped parts of simpler pressed steel. The painting replaced the chrome in the grille and bumpers and, in some cases, the ornate grille was completely excluded and replaced by a simple wire mesh. Interiors and seats were simplified and unfinished, with paint in place of bakelite and without carpets or leather. The electrical systems were switched from the usual 6-volt civilian type to the 12-volt military standard and parts like the headlights were of smaller types than civilian cars and standardized on all models. The engines were low-compression varieties to allow operation with poor quality gasoline. Most car manufacturers have offered their civilian models with ‘Export’ options to serve services in areas of the world with extreme climates and bad roads, and dealerships have been equipped with these parts, such as larger radiators and fans, an improved suspension that offers greater load capacity and greater ground clearance. All SUVs were equipped with tires that were taller and wider than the standard to further improve traction and ground clearance – this required a cut or, in some cases, the chassis was reinforced in certain areas. As ‘Tilly’ production continued, many of the designs lost even more of their shared civilian parts, gaining even more streamlined interiors and more functional grilles, wings and bodywork.
The result was a small, inexpensive, mass-produced vehicle that could be used for almost any purpose. Utilities had a total weight of about two tons (2,000 kg) and most had a tow bar so they could pull a single-axle trailer. However, many were regularly overwhelmed. With rarely more than about 30 bhp available, the ‘Tilly’ had a top speed of around 80 km / h when unloaded and performance when loaded was poor, especially when climbing hills, while descents used to overload the system. brakes intended for a much lighter civilian car. Despite their larger tires and greater ground clearance, the ‘Tillies’ had limited off-road skills, being too heavy for their power. Despite their technical deficiencies, they were indispensable for a multitude of military tasks and proved to be reliable and easy to maintain. ‘Tillies’ were made in the hundreds of thousands over the course of the war, even when the Jeep began to prove more useful for some (but not all) of its roles.
Austin’s production was about 29,000 units by the end of World War II.
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